"By the People" by James Fraser:
Examples of Chapter Outlines:
Why provide students with templates on how to write outlines for their textbook reading of the chapter? Well, for starters it was an idea that sprang forward once I knew that the AP United States History course would require students to do a significant amount of reading throughout the year - mainly reading the textbook and being prepared for quizzes and classroom discussions. My first APUSH class was six years ago and what I noticed quite quickly was that my students lacked the skills necessary to decipher the textbook and they had little understanding of what a substantial - and helpful - outline would look like. This template was my attempt to create an activity that would answer that need. Students would have the structure of their outline completed for them but as they work through each one, they are learning key skills as to how to create their own outlines in the future. Additionally, I saw the weekly APUSH quiz scores go up quickly once students had definitely read the material and completed questions that would guide them through comprehension and analysis skills.
The moment I knew that outlines worked was when a former student of mine, "Ali" had visited my classroom on his vacation from college and explained how valuable he felt the outlines were in providing him with a skill for understanding complex texts. In fact, he had told me that when his study group in college was struggling, he brought out the outline template for everyone to use in their reading to successfully make it through their college history course. I couldn't have been prouder.